70 x 49,5 см.
framed with brocade 156 x 85 cm.
canvas, mineral colors, gold, brocade
(tib.Nams-pahi srog gsan Baik-tse che)
The protector deity Begtse Chen,
(english: the Great Coat of Mail), was popularized within the Sarma (new) Schools of Tibetan Buddhism by Marpa Lotsawa (1012-1096) and Sachen Kunga Nyingpo (1092-1158),
the respective founders of the Marpa Kagyu and Sakya Traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.
Colloquially Begtse is known as red Mahakala and ranks relatively high in the Sakya protector pantheon of Wisdom Deities.
However, in the various Kagyu Traditions it is now rare to even find Begtse Chen. The protector was later adopted and incorporated into the Gelug School of Tsongkapa and subsequently
became popular in Mongolia - predominantly following the Gelug tradition since the 17th century.
Begtse Chen is the main protector associated with the Hayagriva cycle of Tantric Deity meditation practice. For over one hundred years Western scholars have published the history of Begtse
erroneously as beginning with the 3rd Dalai Lama and the subjugation of a Mongolian war god - referring to the protector deity Begtse.
In Tibetan Buddhism Begtse is believed to have originated in India. The practice entered Tibet with Nyen Lotsawa in the 11th century.